Chap. 034. Of Wild Asarabacca.

Asarabacca, Bastard.

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I. The Names. It is called in Greek,

A ayexopi in Latin, Afirina, Asarum Sylve-fire : in English, Bastard or Wild Asarabacca. —

H. The Kinds. It is the second Species mentioned in Chap. 33. Seel. 2. aforegoing j and a singular Herb of the fort.

Πι. The Description. It has Roots long and /lender, creeping under the upper cruft of the Earth, and not shooting deep down, having a somewhat sharp taste, and a little bitter withal 5 from whence spring forth Leaves, almost like to our Garden Asarabacca, but somewhat rounder, and rougher than they, flight* ly and unevenly indented about the edges, growing upon long slender hairy Foot-stalks, yet is it but a low Plant, and creeping, as it were, upon the Ground. The Flowers grow near unto the Ground, like unto those of Cammomil, but much lesser, and wholhTeU low, as well the border of the Leaves, 'as the Thrum in the middle h but Gerard says, they are of a Meaty or Dusty Colour, and not unpleasant in Smell. Tha Plant Clusius thinks to be his Tnftilago Alpinafe-cunda*, but?dX^Monfays9thatby reason of

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Taste, and creeping Root, h may more probably be taken to be the Cotyledon palustris acris, vel, Urens.

IV. The Places. It is found, as Matthiol/a lays, on the Mountains in Bohemia: and our Lobel found it in several places in Somerfetfiire it delights in Woody and Shadowy places.

V. The Times. It Flowers in May and June and the Seed is brought to its ripeness much about Midsummer.

VI. The Qualities. It is hot and dry in the beginning of the third Degree: it Incides, Attenuates, and is Aperitive, and Cathartick : Appropriated to the Head, Stomach, Liver, Womb, and Joints.

VII. The Specification. I cannot yet find either from Authors, or my own Experience, what Disease it is peculiarly good for _·, but 'tis certain, 'tis a good Deoppilative, or opener of Obstructions.

VIII. The Preparations. You may have from it,
1. The green Herb it self.
2. A Pouder of the same.
3. The Juice.
4. An Essence.
5. A Saline Tincture.
6. A Syrup of the Juice, or Herb.
7. A Decoction.

The Virtues

IX. The Green Herb. A little of it eaten with other Herbs, as a Sallet, opens and loosens the Belly, and purges out Cold, Grofs, Thick, Flegmatick Humors.

X. The Pouder. It may be given to j. dram in Mead, Canary, Sherry, Malaga, or White Florence Wine, and so it will loosen the Belly, and purge thence Tough Thick Phlegm, and Black or Burnt Humors.

XL The Juice: It has a Cleansing, Attenuating Quality _·, makes thin that which is thick, cuts that -which is tough, and breaks that which is hard, opens the Bowels which are obstru&ed, and purges out rhe Morbifick Matter of many grievous Diiaffeai-© is, and therefore is profitably given to such as are afflicted with the Palsie, Falling-sickness, or Yellow Jaundice : It may be given from ij. drams to iij. or iv. according as the Patient is in Age and Strength, ω a Gla& of Mead or Wine. '

XII. The Essence. It has the Virtues of the Juice, but is more grateful to the Stomach, and may be given to half an ounce, or more, in a. GUIs of Wine:

It prevails against the Gravel in Reins and Bladder; and gives Eafe in the Gout, inwardly taken, and outwardly applied -9 and withal it kills Worms in Children.

XIII. The Saline Tincture. It opens Obstructions of the Womb, Reins and Bladder, provokes Urine, and expels Sand, Gravel, and Tartarous Slime : it kills Worms in old or young, and is profitable against the Dropsie. Dose from j. dram to ij. in a Glass of White, or Rhenish Wine and Sugar.

XIV. The Syrup of the Juice or Herb. It has all the Virtues of the Juice, but must be given in full the double quantity, and is much better tor Qucaly Stomachs, aud Children, than either the Juice or Essence but it ought to be made in a Bath, fiλ boiling will cause much of its Virtue to be loft.

XV. The Decoction. If it is made in Wine, h is Λ good Cephalick, and excellent against must cold Diseases of the rlead, Brain and' Nerves : Used as an Errhine, it purges the Head of cold and grols Humors : and taken inwardly from ij. to iv. ounces, or more, it prevails against Epilepsies, Apoplexies, Lethargies, Vertigo, Megrim, Head-ach, Palsieo, Convulsions, (f c.

Botanologia, or The English Herbal, was written by William Salmon, M.D., in 1710.