Chap. 151. Of Consound Daisie.
I. The Names. It was unknown to the Greeks: jL the Latins call it, Conjblida media, Oculus Bovis Brunfelsij, and Bupthalmus, Bellium majus Tabernmontani : but by all other Authors, Be I lis major, and Bellis major Vulgaris, live Sylvestris : in English it is called Daisie or Middle Confound, Ox Eye, the Great Eield White Daisie, and Maudlin-zocrt.
II. The Kinds. It is a Species of the Daisie, being the first and great Kind of White Eield Daisie; and is twofold, i. Consolida media Anglica, Consolida media Vulnerarwrum, Bellis major agrefiis Anglica, The English Middle Confound, or English Great Field Daisie. 2. Consolida media, vel Bellis major Americana vel Firginiana, The American or Virginian Middle Confound, or Great Field Daisie. 3. Consolida media, or Bugle, which see in Cap. 92. aforegoing.
III. The Descriptions. The first or English Kind, has a root which is only a Bush of White Strings, which abide many Winters, with the Leaves shooting forth every Spring afresh: From this Root come forth many long, narrow, and round Pointed Leaves next the ground, pretty deeply cut in on both sides, making it look almost like the divisions of some sorts of Oaken Leaves, or rather like those of Groundsel: From among these Leaves come forth the Stalks
which grow to he about a foot and half high, with divers like Leaves thereon, but smaller, and lesser divided than the lower. At the tops of the Stalks and Branches grow large Flowers, each upon several Loot stalks, consisting of many white and narrow Leaves, as a Tale, or Border, about the yellow, Thrums in the middle, like those of Mayweed, having no Smell at all: The Seed is somewhat long, and is blown away with the Wind. Of this Kind there is one which bears double Flowers, differing from the former in nothing else.
IV. The second, or Virginian Kind, has a Root full of Fibres not much unlike to the former; from which Root rise up Stalks higher and greater than those before discribed: the Leaves also are larger, and broadest towards the ends, but longer and smaller at the bottoms, dented likewise about the Edges, shooting forth several Branches, at the tops of all which they bear many white Flowers, as it were in an Umbel, yet not so great, nor the white Leaves so large as the former, but smaller, and more in number, with a greenish yellow in the middle; and some a little larger than others, and succeeded with Seed somewhat J mailer than the former.
V. The Places. The first grows every where by Hedge sides in Meadows, and in the Borders of Fields, and other waste Grounds, The second grows in Virginia, from whence it was first brought to us here.
VI. The Times. It Flowers in May and June, and the Seed is ripe in some short time after.
VU. The Qualities. This Confound, or Great Daisie, is cold in the end of the first Degree, and dry in the second Degree : It is Anodyn, Vulnerary, Neurotick, Arthritick, and Alterative.
VIII. The Specification. It is a famous thing for the immediate cure of Wounds in any part.
IX. The Preparations. You may have therefrom, 1. A liquid Juice. 2. An Essence. 3. A Syrup. 4. A Decoction in Wine or Water. f> Λ Utionor Gargarism. 6. An Ointment or Balsam. 7. A Cataplasm. 8. A Distilled Water.
X. The liquid Juice. It much attemperates the heat of Choler, refreshes the Liver, and other Inward Parts, and Consolidates Wounds, whether Inward or Outward, after an admirable manner. It is good to cure the Wounds of the Thorax or Brest, being taken two, three, or four ounces at a time, either alone, or mixed with a Glass of Wine, Morning and Evening. Outwardly it also Consolidates Wounds, cleanses old running Sores and Ulcers, and drys and heals them : Dropt into fore and running Eyes, it cleanses, strengthens, and heals them.
XI. The Essence. It has all the Virtues of the Juice, and is indeed more effectual, outwardly applied, it heals Sores in the Privy Parts, gives ease in Pains of the Gout, discusses Tumors, and disperses Kernels in the Flesh ; and helps bruises and hurts which come by Falls or Blows. Inwardly taken, it induces the cure of Wounds, Ulcers and Fistula's, whether inwards or outwards, and hastens the Callus breeding, in Fractures of the Bones : for which realbn also it is said to be good against Ruptures, and other inward Breaches of any Vessel within the Body. Dole two or three ounces Morn-Jog and Night.
XII. The Syrup. It has the Virtues of the Juice and Essence _·, and is better to be given to Children in Ruptures because of its pleasantness. And if it fs made with Honey, it is more effectual in Wounds and Ulcers of the Brest and Lungs, or of any other Bowel : It thickens Rheum, and is good against Coughs, Colds, Wheezings, or any Obstruction of the Viscera.
XIII. The Decoction in Wine or Water. It helps to cure Wounds of the Thorax, and may be used Dietetically in all the Cases for which the Juice, Essence or Syrup are commended. It Angularly refreshes the inward Parts, removes the Discrasie of the Blood and Humors, and as a most admirable Vulnerary induces the healing of Wounds and Ulcers. If there is any Inflammation in or about the part afflicted, or if a Fever is present, the Decoction is belt to be made with Water _·, but otherwise with Wine. It is also of good use to wash the Wound, ( if made with Wine ) or cleanse foul Ulcers or Fistula's, by injecting it with a Syring, or otherwise, as often as they are drest, by which they are daily cleansed and kept clean, and if hollow, incarnated >, by which means the healing speedily follows. If it is made with Wine with the Addition of a third part of Agrimony and Angelica, and the parts afflicted with the Palsie or Sciatica, be daily, Morning and Night, fomented therewith very warm for half an hour, or thereabouts, it gives great ease and relief.
XIV7. The Lotion. Take of the Decoction in Wine eight ounces, of the Essence four ounces : Alum in fine pouder three drains : Honey of Mulberries four ounces : mix and dissolve. It heals and cures all Wounds, Ulcers, Sores and Pustules of the Mouth, Gums or Throat, as also of the Secret Parts of Man or \\ orrian, if duly wash'd therewith. Dropt into the Eyes, it clears the fight, taking away, Clouds, Films, .Inflammations, Flux of Humors, &c.
XV. The Ointment or Balsam. They do wonderfully help all Wounds which have an Inflammation about them or have a Flux of sharp and moist Humors upon them, by which they are kept long from healing. Any simple green Wound the Balsam many times cures at the first intention : and other degenerated Sores it digests, cleanses, incarnates ( if Heih is wanting) and quickly heals them, and this although in the Joints, whether of the Arms or Legs.
XVI. The Cataplasm. It is excellent to discuss Contusions or Tumors coming upon simple Bruises, if applied upon the Spot. Applied to the Testicles, or to any other part which is Swoln, and Inflamed, it allays the Heat, discusses the Humors, and resolves it : Applied also immediately to a simple green Wound, it prevents Inflammation, conglutinates the Lips, and heals it ; and this more especially if it is made of the raw green Herb. And so made and applied, it is very effectual to ease the pains of the Gout, discuss the Tumor, and strengthen the Part: but whether it is altogether so effectual as the Cataplasm of Comfrey Roots, I will not presume to say.
XVII. The Distilled Water. It has the Virtues of the Juice and Essence, but much leis effectual. Dropt into the Eyes, it allays an Inflammation there : and if Pouder of White Sugar Candy, or clarified Honey be added, j. ounce, to vj. ounces of the Water, it makes a Collyrium which cures dim, cloudy, fore, and running Eyes, being often dropt into them.